In this condition the pressure inside a person’s head rises and causes vision problems and other symptoms as well. This is because of the uneven flow of cerebrospinal fluid in our head. When there is high pressure on the brain, it causes the optic nerve to get damaged and to swell, eventually damaging the optic nerve and causing loss of vision. This condition also causes double vision.
Ophthalmologists are not sure about what causes this condition and they believe that hormones play a major role in causing this condition and is found more in young and overweight women. This condition also affects children and adults.
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Symptoms:
Some of the symptoms of this condition are headache at the back of the neck and it turns severe when you wake up on the middle of night. This becomes worse when you bent down. There is also change in vision and it gets blurry and dull and there is also some trouble in peripheral vision. Nausea and vomiting are also some of the symptoms.
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Diagnosis:
The optic nerve is checked by the ophthalmologist and blank spots are noted in field of vision. CT or MRI scan is taken to check whether this condition is caused by other medical problems and spinal tap is done to measure the pressure of spinal fluid.
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Treatment:
Medicines which are used to ease glaucoma are prescribed to treat this condition. Diuretic are also prescribed to get rid of excess fluid present in the body. If the optic nerve is damaged, tiny slits or holes are put in the optic nerve to relieve pressure. A shunt is also placed to lower the head pressure. It is a tiny tube to carry fluids away from where it gets built up.
Consult your doctor to know more about IIH.