Heterochromia is a condition in which a person’s iris is of different colors and it is of different kinds. When one of the iris is in different color than the other one, it is known as complete heterochromia. When just a part of iris is in different color in the same iris, the condition is called partial heterochromia. When the inner ring is in different color from the outer ring in the iris, the condition is known as central heterochromia.
There are many causes for this condition. Sometimes a child may be born with this condition or it will develop after birth. This condition is called as congenital heterochromia. Children born with such condition will not show any symptoms at first. Their eyes look normal and as well as their health. In some cases, it may be a symptom of another condition. Some of the causes of this condition in children are Benign heterochromia, Piebaldism, Hirschsprung disease, Bourneville disease, Horner’s syndrome, Struge-Weber syndrome, Parry-Romberg syndrome etc.
When a person is suffering from this condition during the later stage in life, it is known as acquired hetereochromia. Some of the causes of acquired heterochromia are ocular melanosis, malignant tumor in iris, diabetes mellitus, central retinal vein occlusion, iris ectropian syndrome, acquired horner’s syndrome, bleeding, surgery, eye injury and latisse etc.
Heterochromia Diagnosis and treatment:
The ophthalmologist examines the eye to confirm the presence of this condition and for the causes. There is no cause for the eye color variation in most of the cases in most of the cases but it is important to rule out the condition. The eyes are also dilated during the examination process. The doctor recommends a treatment plan according to the condition and if there are no issues, there is no treatment required.