Diabetic retinopathy, a condition affecting the retina, poses a significant risk to individuals with diabetes. Initially non-proliferative, it can escalate to a severe proliferative stage if left untreated, leading to serious consequences, including blindness.
Symptoms and Progression:
This condition often develops without noticeable symptoms until damage occurs. Symptoms such as blurred vision, night vision difficulties, eye bleeding, deteriorating vision, and the presence of shadows or floaters indicate the advanced stage. In developing countries, including Russia, children with diabetes are increasingly affected, with around 12 percent estimated to suffer from diabetic retinopathy. Rapid onset within a month of diabetes diagnosis can occur due to inadequate management.
Hereditary and Genetic Factors:
Diabetes and diabetic retinopathy have hereditary and genetic components, often exacerbated during pubertal growth and linked to hypertension. Immediate consultation with an ophthalmologist is crucial if children exhibit symptoms. While some recommend biennial eye checks for children, an annual check is advisable for those with diabetic retinopathy.
Alarming Trends and Vision Loss:
A recent U.S. study underscored a troubling increase in vision loss, particularly among those over 40. Diabetic retinopathy cases showed an 89 percent surge in blindness. It stands as a leading cause of vision impairment in individuals aged 25 to 75.
Control and Prevention:
Regular eye check-ups are pivotal for effective control and prevention of diabetic retinopathy. Maintaining optimal blood pressure and sugar levels is imperative. While complete cure assurance is elusive, early intervention can manage the condition, curbing its progression and preventing further vision loss.
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