When there is a cut on the cornea because of a sharp object or anything, the condition is known as corneal laceration. The cut may be caused by any sharp object eg. metallic hand tool. It is deeper when compared to a corneal abrasion cutting fully or partially. If the laceration is deep it can cause full thickness laceration when it completely cuts the cornea, causing a ruptured globe. This condition is very serious and requires immediate medical assistance to avoid vision loss.
If the eye is injured, place a shield over the eye and protect it. Do not rinse with water and do not try to remove the object struck in eye. Do not apply pressure and do not use Ibuprofen or aspirin.
Corneal Laceration Causes:
Some of the most common causes can happen during activities like grinding metal, trimming grass, carving a stone or during cutting wood. Sometimes even an edge of piece of paper can cause cut in cornea. When the activity involves high risk it is advisable to wear protective eyewear.
Corneal Laceration Symptoms:
- Eye pain
- Blurred vision
- Sensitivity to light
Corneal Laceration Diagnosis:
A complete examination can diagnose the problem and the laceration thickness is examined. Numbing drops are used during the process and sometimes fluorescein is also used.
Corneal Laceration Treatment:
Usually surgery is done to close the cut and to prevent further infection. After surgery the eye is patched to protect it. Some medication to relieve the pain is also given by the ophthalmologist during the healing process.